India's Chandrayaan-3 mission has made its first scientific observations of the lunar south pole. The onboard rover, called Pragyan, has confirmed the presence of sulfur by shooting lasers at the surface. It is also hinting at the presence of other elements such as aluminum, iron, calcium, chromium, and titanium. The rover will spend the next two weeks using its laser to search for signs of frozen water, study the atmosphere, and determine the composition of the south pole. This information could be valuable for future lunar bases and missions to Mars.